Interview photo

We are in the middle of a hybrid war - Interview with Xhabir Deralla

Our topics

The Heinrich Böll Foundation has been active in Bosnia-Herzegovina since 1999. As a German political foundation close in its orientation to Alliance 90 / The Greens, we advocate for fundamental values such as democracy, peace and non-violence.

Because we understand ethnic and cultural diversity as an integral part of a democratic culture, we attach great importance to the integration of Bosnia and Herzegovina into the European Union, and in this sense we are committed to strengthening the rule of law and citizens' democratic participation the socio-political community.

Strengthening civil society, equal participation of women in social and political life, addressing the recent past and supporting democratic political dialogue are some of our key program objectives.

For us, ecology, sustainable development, democracy and human rights are inextricably linked. Twenty years ago, environmental protection, energy, sustainable development and climate change were the subject of the work of some scientists and activists of green or environmental movements. Today, these issues have emerged from the framework of only "green demonstrators" in developed countries and, unfortunately, have become the biggest problem on national and world agendas, they have become deeply political and economic issues.

The reason for this is certainly inadequate treatment and reduction of these problems to a mere professional or just scientific level, far from the public and politics. And energy, climate change and environmental protection are not just a matter of profession or a personal relationship with nature, but a matter of awareness and responsibility both of the individual and the community. It is precisely because of these facts that we are trying to publicly discuss issues in Bosnia and Herzegovina due to inadequate attitude towards the environment, the consequences of climate change and energy resources.

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Publications

ANALYSIS_Election_Law_Suad_Arnautović

THE ELECTION LAW: Slalom Along Nine Gates

Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) cannot yet be defined as a new "stable democracy". Čović (HDZ B&H) is trying to make changes to the B&H Election Law before the 2022 General Elections, which is to ensure the "legitimate representation" of the constituent peoples. In this way, with "legitimate representatives", a way would be opened for the implementation of their own long-term strategy, which undoubtedly goes in the direction of rounding off the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina which is inhabited by majority Catholic population, i.e. the rebirth of the "extinguished" so-called Herzeg-Bosna, its full territorial and political autonomy and its eventual annexation to the Republic of Croatia.

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POLICY BRIEF: North Macedonia Energy transition and Democracy

In its latest energy strategy, adopted at the beginning of 2020, North Macedonia projects complete coal and lignite phase out latest by 2040. The country has been praised as the first country from the Western Balkans to set such ambitious goals. In spite of its determination to move towards a green future in line with its EU accession process, the country continues struggling with air pollution, waste management issues, and inefficient energy market liberalization. The aim of the policy brief is to address these issues through an analysis of recent developments in energy transition of the country.
In addition, the brief offers solutions through democratization of the process of energy transition and reviews and maps out the potential for citizen energy.

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RESEARCH PAPER: North Macedonia - Energy Transition and Democracy

The purpose of this study, divided in two main parts, is to first present an overview of the current energy policies and the progress of North Macedonia towards achieving the aims in the frame of its energy strategy; and secondly, to map out the local initiatives that have the potential of creating their own local energy communities. To map out the potential for creating sustainable energy communities, the study will in its first part provide an overview of the factors affecting the energy sector, the potential for renewable energy production and related policies.