According to the World Health Organization (WHO), on the list of the ten most polluted cities in Europe, five are in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This is another unwanted record for the country with the second highest of rankings for air pollution mortality in 2017 in the world, behind North Korea. Between the 2nd and 4th of December, Sarajevo was the most polluted capital in the world, according to data provided by US embassies, that constantly monitor the environmental situation of the cities they are based in. BiH lacks a comprehensive strategy for combating air pollution. This was the rationale for developing the Policy Brief: Priority Measures for Air Quality Improvement in the Sarajevo Canton, prepared by the Heinrich Boell Foundation together with experts from the Regional Education and Information Centre - REIC. In the preparatory phase we managed to collect views of different stakeholders concerning priority measures to be implemented in combating air pollution. It contains a lot of good examples from other cities with the same problem, which can be easily implemented in the Sarajevo Canton.